Peter, and took him for Lord, King, and Superior of the universe; so also they have regarded the others who after him have been elected to the pontificate, and so has it been continued even till now, and will continue till the end of the world. But, if you do not do this, and maliciously make delay in it, I certify to you that, with the help of God, we shall powerfully enter into your country, and shall make war against you in all ways and manners that we can, and shall subject you to the yoke and obedience of the Church and of their Highnesses; we shall take you and your wives and your children, and shall make slaves of them, and as such shall sell and dispose of them as their Highnesses may command; and we shall take away your goods, and shall do you all the mischief and damage that we can, as to vassals who do not obey, and refuse to receive their lord, and resist and contradict him; and we protest that the deaths and losses which shall accrue from this are your fault, and not that of their Highnesses, or ours, nor of these cavaliers who come with us.
But, on account of the multitude which has sprung from this man and woman in the five thousand years since the world was created, it was necessary that some men should go one way and some another, and that they should be divided into many kingdoms and provinces, for in one alone they could not be sustained.
Under this theory a nation acquired the right to exclusive possession The justification of the spanish conquest in the americas newly discovered lands that were not previously claimed or possessed by a Christian monarch.
However, none of the laws stopped the abuse; few were charged with illegal exploitation, and punishment was rare. Content[ edit ] The Requerimiento, in relation to the Spanish invasion of the Americas and the subsequent Spanish colonization of the Americasdemanded the local populations to accept Spanish rule and allow preaching to them by Catholic missionaries on pain of war, slavery or death.
Despite their elevated status, the Native Americans remained subject to conquest in "just wars". Peter the keys to the kingdom of heaven. Rather, some legal philosophers contended that the Christian nation was required to perfect its title by purchase, colonization, or conquest.
Lastly, the diseases brought from the Old World killed millions of native people, drastically weakening every indigenous population. So their Highnesses are kings and lords of these islands and land of Tierra-firme by virtue of this donation: Over the decades that followed, the Spanish killed, conquered, and enslaved people from hundreds of different indigenous groups in the New World, but they were perhaps most interested in the vast riches of the Aztec and Inca empires.
And also they received and obeyed the priests whom their Highnesses sent to preach to them and to teach them our Holy Faith ; and all these, of their own free willwithout any reward or condition, have become Christians, and are so, and their Highnesses have joyfully and benignantly received them, and also have commanded them to be treated as their subjects and vassals ; and you too are held and obliged to do the same.
How were the relatively small Spanish armies able to conquer much larger indigenous forces? Pizarro accepted, and during the following months Incas brought gold, silver, jewelry, and other riches from all over the Empire. The Discourses of Conquest Oxford, U.
English nationalists, on the other hand, who could not claim that their nation held title by papal donation or original discovery, saw the theory of conquest as a separate doctrine that they could use to trump the claims of Spain.
Eventually, Atahualpa was able to pay the ransom, but the Spanish executed him anyway inmarking the end of the mighty Inca Empire.
These doctrines were based on the premises that western culture was sanctioned by God and that Europeans were spiritually and culturally superior to peoples of other lands and faiths. Along the way, the Spaniards came across different indigenous groups willing to help them defeat the Aztecs, especially the Tlaxcala.
Under that flag of cultural arrogance Europeans could invade and conquer the lands of non-Christians, and they could by right sanctioned by God take the lands of the conquered and make them their own.
Peter as Lord of the world, in the dignity and seat which I have before mentioned, made donation of these isles and Tierra-firme to the aforesaid King and Queen and to their successors, our lords, with all that there are in these territories, as is contained in certain writings which passed upon the subject as aforesaid, which you can see if you wish.
If you do so, you will do well, and that which you are obliged to do to their Highnesses, and we in their name shall receive you in all love and charity, and shall leave you, your wives, and your children, and your lands, free without servitude, that you may do with them and with yourselves freely that which you like and think best, and they shall not compel you to turn Christians, unless you yourselves, when informed of the truth, should wish to be converted to our Holy Catholic Faithas almost all the inhabitants of the rest of the islands have done.
These groups had previously been conquered by the Aztecs and forced to serve the Empire, and they resented having to make tributes and provide victims for religious sacrifices.
Regardless, the moment he stepped onto dry land marked the beginning of the Spanish conquest of the Americas. The doctrine of conquest held that a victorious nation in war acquired sovereignty over the conquered nation and could exert its legal and political jurisdiction over its residents.James Muldoon, The Americas in the Spanish World Order: The Justification for Conquest in the Seventeenth Century.
US: University of Pennsylvania Press,p. 39 Columbus, op. cit., pp. The Justification of the Spanish Conquest in the Americas PAGES 3. WORDS 1, View Full Essay. More essays like this: the ideology spanish conquest, the spanish crown.
Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University.
Exactly what I needed. - Jenna Kraig, student @ UCLA. The Spanish Requirement of Responding to this impeding clerical position, the Requerimiento was issued, providing a religious justification for war against and conquest of the local populations of pre-existing residents, In the conquest of the Americas, the Christian duty to evangelize nonbelievers took the form of conversion of.
The Spanish Conquest of America. In the 15th century Christopher Columbus began the conquest of America and was the first European to arrive to the Americas in.
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Juan de Solorzano Pereira () was a lawyer who spent eighteen years as a judge in Peru before returning to Spain to serve on the Councils of Castile and of the Indies.
The Spanish Defense: Legal Justifications for Conquest. Sources. Papal Donation. Spain proffered three arguments to justify their seizure of the American continents and their subjugation of the native inhabitants: papal donation, discovery, and conquest.
Under papal donation the Spanish crown ’ s lawyers noted that Jesus Christ had given St. Peter the keys to the kingdom of heaven.Download