Psychology adolescence and adulthood

These improvements occur in five areas during adolescence: Adolescence is a sensitive period in the development process, and exposure to the wrong things at that time can have a major effect on future decisions.

The production of these hormones increases gradually until sexual maturation is met. The years of adolescence create a more conscientious group of young adults. Processing speed improves sharply between age five and middle adolescence; it then begins to level off Psychology adolescence and adulthood age 15 and does not appear to change between late adolescence and adulthood.

The dual systems model proposes a maturational imbalance between development of the socioemotional system and cognitive control systems in the brain that contribute to impulsivity and other behaviors characteristic of adolescence.

At the conclusion of puberty, the ends of the long bones close during the process called epiphysis. Puberty is a period of several years in which rapid physical growth and psychological changes occur, culminating in sexual maturity.

Adolescents are much better able than children to understand that people do not have complete control over their mental activity.

Adolescence

Adolescence is a critical period in social development because adolescents can be easily influenced by the people they develop close relationships with. In contrast, boys are more concerned with establishing and asserting their independence and defining their relation to authority.

Improvements are seen in both working memory and long-term memory. All of these factors are affected by the environment an adolescent grows up in. For example, in the United States of America, bone density increases significantly more among black than white adolescents, which might account for decreased likelihood of black Psychology adolescence and adulthood developing osteoporosis and having fewer bone fractures there.

Friends and family need to look out for them; businesses must figure out how to recruit them and sell to them; colleges and universities must know how to educate and guide them.

This is triggered by the pituitary glandwhich secretes a surge of hormonal agents into the blood stream, initiating a chain reaction to occur. Because where iGen goes, so goes our nation—and the world.

For example, without a willingness to take risks, teenagers would not have the motivation or confidence necessary to leave their family of origin.

Specifically, developments in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex are important for controlling impulses and planning ahead, while development in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex is important for decision making.

Growing Up Slowly; Chapter 2: Puberty Upper body of a teenage boy. The first facial hair to appear tends to grow at the corners of the upper lip, typically between 14 and 17 years of age.

An adolescent from an inner city or a crime-driven neighborhood is more likely to be exposed to an environment that can be detrimental to their development.

As a result, adolescents experience a significant shift from the simple, concrete, and global self-descriptions typical of young children; as children they defined themselves by physical traits whereas adolescents define themselves based on their values, thoughts, and opinions.

Some theorists believe that there are many different possible developmental paths one could take, and that the specific path an individual follows may be determined by their sex, orientation, and when they reached the onset of puberty.

Being able to introspect may lead to two forms of adolescent egocentrism, which results in two distinct problems in thinking: Adolescents are more aware of their thought processes and can use mnemonic devices and other strategies to think more efficiently.

However, this does not mean that the brain loses functionality; rather, it becomes more efficient due to increased myelination insulation of axons and the reduction of unused pathways. The first places to grow are the extremities—the head, hands and feet—followed by the arms and legs, then the torso and shoulders.With generational divides wider than ever, parents, educators, and employers [ ].

Adolescence (from Latin adolescere, meaning 'to grow up') is a transitional stage of physical and psychological development that generally occurs during the period from puberty to legal adulthood (age of majority).

Adolescence is usually associated with the teenage years, but its physical, psychological or cultural expressions may begin earlier and end later.

Download
Psychology adolescence and adulthood
Rated 3/5 based on 68 review